Psychologist is person who holds a degree in psychology and is able diagnose and treat mental illness with counselling therapies.They cant be called as doctor as they never attend a medical school and can't prescribe medicines.
Psychiatrists are medical doctors who can treat complex mental health issues like severe depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and suicidal tendencies by prescribing medicines.A psychologist is specialized in treating behavioral issues, learning difficulties and anxiety etc.
A psychologist will talk to you and listen to your problems. He/She will do an interactive conversation with you to understand the cause mental distress.
Mental illness is a general term for a group of illnesses that affect the mind or brain. These illnesses, which include bipolar disorder, depression, schizophrenia, anxiety and personality disorders, affect the way a person thinks, feels and acts. The exact cause of mental illness is unknown. What is known is that mental illness is not a character fault, weakness or something inherently ‘wrong’ with a person. It is an illness like any other.
Although the exact source of mental illness is not known, research points to a mix of genetic, biological, psychosocial, and environmental factors as being the root of most conditions. Since this combination of causes is complex, there is no sure way to prevent mental illness. However, you can reduce your risk by practicing self-care, seeking help when you need it, and paying attention to early warning signs.
When healing from mental illness, early identification and treatment are of vital importance. Based on the nature of the illness.
It is essential that the person affected is proactive and fully engaged in their own recovery process. Many people with mental illnesses who are diagnosed and treated respond well, although some might experience a return of symptoms. Even in such cases, with careful monitoring and management of the disorder, it is still quite possible to live a fulfilled and productive life.
Psychometric tests are a standard and scientific method used to measure individuals' mental capabilities and behavioural style. Psychometric tests are designed to measure candidates' suitability for a role based on the required personality characteristics and aptitude (or cognitive abilities).
1. IQ tests
2. Personality tests
3. Aptitude tests
Just as there are different types of medications for physical illness, different treatment options are available for individuals with mental illness. Treatment works differently for different people, The severe ones where person has tenuous ties with reality need to be primarily treated with medications followed by supportive psychotherapy and the milder ones can be treated with combination of psychotherapies
Psychoanalysis and psychodynamic therapies.
Integrative or holistic therapy.
Sand/clay /play therapy for children.